Normal skin has the ideal balance of hydration and oil levels. This skin type may have a few enlarged pores but overall smaller pores, even tone, and smooth to the touch.
Oily skin has larger pores throughout the entire face including the cheek area. This skin type can look coarse or thick and tends to become easily congested and have excess oil or shine. It can look like an orange peel effect. Blackheads and/or some acne are also common with oily skin. You may have larger pores and be oilier on your forehead, nose, cheeks, and chin (t-zone).
Combination skin will have areas of dryness and oiliness. The pores will be larger only on certain areas of the face. This includes the chin, nose, between the eyebrows, and cheek area right next to the nose. This is commonly known as the “t-zone” area. The cheeks and side of the face have smaller pores and will usually be a bit dry. Combination skin is the most common skin type and can range from the combination and slightly dry to combination and slightly oily. Combination skin will have enlarged pores between the brows, nose, chin, and cheeks right next to
Dry skin will have small to tiny pores over the entire face because it lacks the production of oil, which moisturizes the skin. Dry skin can look dull-looking or matte, flakey, itchy, scaly, and could become irritated from dryness. Dry skin may only have larger pores and oil production around the nose.
Sensitive skin should not be confused with sensitized skin. Sensitive skin comes from a genetic predisposition, so chances are if your parents have sensitive skin then you may as well. Characteristics of sensitive skin are redness, dry patches, chapped skin, tendency to sunburn easily, and irritated by laundry detergents/perfumes. This skin type is considered to be more delicate, lighter in pigment (fair skin) but also a thinner epidermis, which means the blood vessels are closer to the surface of the skin, which explains the appearance of redness.
We all age but it varies based on genetics, lifestyle and environmental factors. Aging is essentially the loss and breakdown of collagen and elastin fibers. The first visible signs of aging include fine lines around eyes and mouth, loss of firmness, uneven pigmentation, and enlarged pores.
Acne is a skin condition that any skin type can have. Acne causes can vary from one person to the next. It’s typically caused by excess oil production and keratin along with many internal factors like hormones, diet, and stress. Everyone will experience a pimple or two in their lifetime. Someone with acne will tend to have blackheads, whiteheads or cysts on a regular basis.
Sensitized skin is different than sensitive skin. Sensitive skin is a skin type that is genetic, while sensitized skin is a temporary skin condition that is caused by extreme weather, harsh products that are too aggressive or not right for your skin type. It’s characterized by a rashy appearance, random breakouts, tightness after washing your face, and dehydration.
Hyperpigmentation - Sun Damage, Freckles + Melasma
Hyperpigmentation is when the skin produces too much melanin and it distributes unevenly. Melanin is what gives our skin, hair, and eye color. This includes post- inflammatory pigmentation from acne, uneven blotches of pigmentation, age spots and freckles from the sun or hormones. Melasma is partly from the sun but most often from birth control pills, hormone shifts or pregnancy. The tendency to get freckles is genetic- no one is born with freckles but the sun causes them.
Dehydrated skin shouldn’t be confused with dry skin. Dry skin is a skin type that is lacking oil and dehydrated skin is a skin condition that is lacking water! ANY skin type can be dehydrated, even the oiliest. Dehydrated skin is characterized by tightness, but also can be itchy or reactive. If you have ever felt greasy yet tight there is a good chance you are dehydrated.
Rosacea is a skin condition that causes red flare-ups on the cheeks, nose, chin or forehead. Swollen bumps, pimples, and visible blood vessels are common. The cause is unknown and unfortunately, there is currently no cure. However, there are ways to keeps symptoms low with topical products both over the counter and prescriptions.
Broken capillaries are those tiny blood vessels that pop up around the nose or cheek areas. They can be misdiagnosed as rosacea. They are usually caused by sunburns, constant pressure on the nose from wearing glasses, smoking, high alcohol consumption, windburn, blood thinning medications, and squeezing pimples too hard!
Seasonal skin be characterized by the skin becoming extra dry, dehydrated, red, flakey or even oily and breaking out when the seasons change. This is temporary but making some changes in your morning and nightly routine can help alleviate any skin issues.